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Transportation-Auto

Aluminum Extrusions help meet challenges for the Auto Industry

As auto makers maintain their push for improved fuel economy and reduced emissionsaluminum - and aluminum extrusion - continues to make an important contribution. Whether by helping car builders reduce vehicle weight to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicles, or to improve the range of electric vehicles extrusions are an increasing part of the answer. It's estimated that in 2012 the average North American passenger vehicle contained about 27 pounds of aluminum extrusion - with extruded shapes accounting for about 15 pounds of that total (the rest being rod/bar and pipe/tube). In 2020, extruded shapes content should near 35 pounds per vehicle- and it's projected that number should grow to nearly 45 pounds per vehicle by 2025. New vehicles -  and new extrusion applications - of the past few years have certainly validated that growth outlook.

Extrusion/Light Vehicle Consumption

Automotive Applications Resources

AEC's Automotive Industry Promotion Team is made up of Council members who are dedicated to supporting and advancing the use of extrusions in automotive applications. Visit the Automotive Technical Resources page to learn more and contact an AEC Automotive Industry Team Member.

Contact a Team Member


Interactive Guide to Automotive Applications

AEC has developed a new interactive resource that can provide a better understanding of how aluminum extrusions are used in today's vehicles. It provides overviews, technical details and case examples of various applications. Follow the link in the image below to learn more.

Aluminum Extrusions in the Auto Industry

Some extrusion application high points from the past few years:

2020

2020 has not seen the launch of a new, landmark, extrusion-intensive vehicle, but rather the continued growth of often less-visible applications, along with a few significant innovations.

Iconic British sports car producer Morgan, renown for its timeless design and its ash wood construction introduced its new Plus Four, with a bonded aluminum chassis replacing the steel ladder frame that had been in use for 84 years! For details go here.

VW© Volkswagen US Media

Closer to the mainstream, VW introduced the 8th generation of their popular GTI. Among the changes: a new aluminum front subframe in place of the prior steel unit, resulting in a 7 pound weight reduction and a more rigid foundation for the steering rack and front suspension. That all contributes to improved steering response.

In a similar vein, Hyundai introduced their latest demo vehicle, the Hyundai RM20e Sports Car. TheRM20e is battery powered and intended to be a test vehicle to generate data for application to other Hyundai models. Based on the Veloster, the RM20e incorporates an extrusion-based front subframe.

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2019

The big extrusion story for 2019 was the launch of the long-awaited mid-engine C8 Corvette. While the engine location is a first for Corvette, the aluminum-intensive frame is evolutionary, building on experience gained with special-edition C6 Corvettes and the aluminum structure used in total for the seventh generation.

C8 C8

Forty percent of the Corvette structure is extrusion – mostly 6xxx series alloy. Learn more...

The updated Jeep Wrangler included extrusion in its chassis for the first time, employing an extruded 6061 aluminum alloy cross member.

Jeep Jeep

The extruded component helps reduce critical front-end weight, is corrosion resistant, and can provide the durability that Jeep is known for. This cross-member application is just the latest of several that have showed up in vehicle updates in the last year or so.

GMC Sierra© GMC

And speaking of updates, we can't forget the new extrusion-based Multi-Pro tailgate that was launched on GMC's Sierra SLT and Denali models. The Multi-Pro tailgate offers 6-way functionality, based on an inner panel and a pivoting "flap" which can function as a stopper for an extended load, or a step providing easy access to the bed.

That "flap" is a multi-void hollow aluminum extrusion that incorporates a non-skid surface, provides for the pivot and support mechanisms, and supports a 375 pound person.

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2017

Acura launches their next-gen NSX supercar, while Ford extends the aluminum architecture that debuted in the F-150 to its Super Duty F-250, 350 and 450 trucks and the next generation Expedition SUV.

The NSX features a multi-material space frame (below left), with extensive use of aluminum extrusions. Extrusions are used for the front and rear frame rails, side rails, numerous cross members and frame members for the front and rear bulkheads, as well as for the Instrument Panel (IP) structure.

Extending the F-150's aluminum architecture to the '18 Expedition (below right) yields a 300 pound weight reduction, along with increased interior space and towing capacity.

Acura launches their next-gen NSX supercar New Acura NSX features extensive use of aluminum extrusions

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2016

Cadillac introduces their aluminum-intensive CT6, designed to compete with Germany's high performance luxury sedans. Aluminum extrusions are found throughout the structure, and include multi-hollow rocker and engine cradle components. The result is a weight savings of over 200 pounds vs. high-strength steels and a body in white lighter, yet stiffer than the BMW 5 series.

Cadillac introduces their aluminum-intensive CT6 Aluminum extrusions are found throughout the structure in new CT6

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2014

Ford launches the aluminum-intensive F150, the highest volume North American vehicle and the highest volume aluminum-intensive application. Roughly 50 pounds of automotive aluminum extrusions are used in the front end and roof structure. With a body in white (crew cab and bed) at 400 pounds lighter than conventional competitors, the F-150 offers Increased load capacity and improved economy.

Ford launches the aluminum-intensive 2014 F150 Ford F150 is the highest volume aluminum-intensive application

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2013

Chevrolet introduces the 7th generation Corvette Stingray with standard all-aluminum frame. Comprised of aluminum extrusions and castings , the new frame reduced weight by 45 kg (99 pounds) while providing 60% increased stiffness.
7th generation Corvette Stingray with standard all-aluminum frame All-aluminum frame, comprised of aluminum extrusions and castings


Tesla
launches their award-winning Model S. The aluminum-intensive design, featuring extensive use of aluminum sheet along with multiple castings and extrusions (like the roof bow shown at right) yields a body-in-white weighing 25% less than a key segment competitor. Aluminum extrusions also find application in the battery box, rear suspension and side impact system.

Launch of the award-winning Tesla, Model S Tesla, Model S frame uses multiple castings and extrusions

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